To those issues, Crossan contributes the fresh thought that learning of the Coptic text off is secondary, since the Greek text message is more hard and you can prior to, which it «would provide doubtful Patterson’s suggestion your Coptic fragment illustrated an enthusiastic earlier and you will faster model of Didache» (op. cit., p. 380).
. . . the latest Didache get result of an outlying instead of a metropolitan disease. Willy Rordorf and you may Andre Tullier, creating in the a major French collection, located the Didache when you look at the north Palestine otherwise west Syria, yet not regarding investment town of Antioch. It noted that the text message is actually treated so you can «outlying groups out-of converted pagans» (98). They «reveals a Christianity created in rural communities who’ve broken with the fresh new radicalism out-of earlier transforms» (100). They «speaks principally so you’re able to rural milieus converted early inside Syria and you will Palestine no question furnishing the original Religious groups beyond cities» (128). Kurt Niederwimmer, however, composing inside the a major German show, sensed it however likely that «the fresh new Didache you’ll result from an urban secteur,» however, the guy arranged it was perhaps not from the high metropolis out-of Antioch (80). That isn’t adequate, in any case, just to note the newest mention of «firstfruits» into the Didache thirteen:3-seven, since that will suggest metropolitan-built landowners. My personal liking getting a rural over an urban function will come not out-of those people partners passages but on Didache’s rhetorical comfort, ungendered equality, and you will hitting differences away from unnecessary most other early Christian texts.
Kraft claims concerning provenance of Didache (The Anchor Bible Dictionary, v
Robert A great. 2, p. 197): «That most commentators now appear to choose Syria (Audet 1958; Hazelden Walker 1966; Rordorf and Tullier 1978) otherwise Syro-Palestine (Niederwimmer 1977) as place of supply isn’t in itself a sign that help evidence was compelling; Egypt (Kraft 1965) and you can Asia Lesser (Vokes 1970) likewise have its followers.»
There is apparently an over-all opinion that ‘two ways’ situation inside chaps. 1-6 enjoys an effective prehistory you to connects which have Jewish moral issues (pick Harnack 1896) and this most likely grabbed shape in Greek and Semitic preparations. This will help to to explain this new parallels and differences when considering both indicates within the Didache, Barnabas, Doctrina, and you will someplace else (e.grams., Goodspeed 1945; Rordorf 1972). To that particular first substratum, the brand new Didache sorts of the 2 suggests possess attracted addititional areas from inside the 1:3b-2:step one (gospel sayings and you may associated admonitions; discover specifically Latyon 1968; Mees 1971) and you may step 3:1-six (the new ‘fences’ dating in Nashville heritage).
Also, the newest apparent intrusion of these areas just like the 12:1-5 (examine 11:4-6) and you will 14:1-step 3 to the move of the community guidelines, and the indications off developmental language actually from inside the existing instructions (e.g., the new concessions for the 6:dos and you can 7:2-3, the alteration away from itinerant so you’re able to regional ministry within the fifteen:1-2) illustrate this new evolving character associated with question actually outside of the one or two-suggests section.
Barnabas 18-20), but are reorganized inside the a resource preferred towards the Didache, the Doctrina apostolorum, as well as the Apostolic Church Acquisition and you will supplemented by a great sapiental reflection into the small and you may major transgressions (step 3
New Didache, an early on 2nd-100 years Christian constitution, is also certainly composite, composed of good «A few Ways» point (chaps. 1-6), a liturgical tips guide (7-10), tips on the lobby away from travel prophets (11-15), and you can a quick apocalypse (16). Marked divergences popular and you will content as well as the presence out of doublets and you can visible interpolations generate basic the fact the Didache wasn’t slashed out of whole cloth. The latest dominating have a look at today is the fact that the file try composed into the foundation many independent, preredactional products that happen to be built by either one or a few redactors (Neiderwimmer -70, Et -52)parison of your «A couple Ways» point with many different other «One or two Indicates» documents means that Didache step one-6 is in itself the consequence of multistage modifying. This new file began which have as an alternative haphazard organization (cf. 1-6) (Kloppenborg 1995c). Better yet «A couple Means» point you are able in order to detect the current presence of an effective mini-apocalypse about someo f the information presented that sooner or later discover the means to your Matthew twenty four-twenty five (Kloppenborg 1979).